Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer: Shining a Light on a Preventable Disease

Cervical cancer, once a leading cause of death among women, is now largely preventable thanks to early detection and vaccination. But that doesn’t mean it’s something to take lightly. Understanding this disease, its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options empowers you to take control of your health and shine a light on any potential concerns.

The Big Picture:

Your cervix, located at the lower end of the uterus, acts as a gateway to the womb. Cervical cancer develops when abnormal cells within the cervix start growing uncontrollably. The culprit? Often, it’s the human papillomavirus (HPV), a very common sexually transmitted infection. Luckily, most HPV infections clear up on their own, but some high-risk strains can lead to precancerous changes if left unchecked. Early detection and intervention are crucial in preventing these precancerous cells from turning into full-blown cervical cancer.

Listen to Your Body:

While cervical cancer may not initially present with obvious symptoms, there are some red flags to keep an eye out for:

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding: This can occur between periods, after menopause, or be heavier than usual during your period.
  • Painful intercourse: Sex shouldn’t be painful, so if you experience discomfort, it’s worth getting checked.
  • Abnormal discharge: A persistent watery, bloody, or foul-smelling discharge could be a sign of something amiss.
  • Pelvic pain: Dull or persistent pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis can be another warning sign.

Early Detection Saves Lives:

The good news is that cervical cancer is one of the most preventable cancers thanks to a simple yet powerful tool: the Pap smear. This quick and painless test checks for abnormal cells on the cervix. Regular Pap smears, as recommended by your doctor, are the first line of defense in detecting precancerous changes before they progress to cancer.

Diagnosing the Issue:

If your Pap smear shows unusual cells, don’t panic! It doesn’t automatically mean you have cancer. Further tests may be recommended, such as:

  • Colposcopy: A magnified examination of the cervix using a special instrument.
  • Biopsy: Removing a small tissue sample for laboratory analysis.

Depending on the test results, your doctor will suggest the most appropriate course of treatment.

Treatment Options:

The good news? Thanks to advancements in medicine, cervical cancer has a high cure rate when diagnosed early. Treatment options depend on the stage and severity of the cancer:

  • Surveillance: For mild precancerous changes, regular monitoring might be sufficient.
  • Removal of precancerous cells: Procedures like LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure) or cryotherapy can remove abnormal cells before they turn cancerous.
  • Surgery: Depending on the stage, different surgeries like conization (removing a cone-shaped section of the cervix) or hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) might be recommended.
  • Radiotherapy: High-energy beams target and destroy cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells, often combined with other treatments.

Empowering Yourself:

Remember, knowledge is power. By being informed about cervical cancer, its symptoms, and available options, you can take charge of your health. Don’t hesitate to ask your doctor any questions you might have. Schedule your regular Pap smears, embrace a healthy lifestyle, and get vaccinated against HPV – all crucial steps in keeping cervical cancer at bay.


Remember, you’re not alone. With information, proactive care, and the support of your doctor and loved ones, you can face any health challenge with strength and confidence. Let’s keep the conversation going and empower every woman to prioritize her well-being.

This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always consult with your primary care provider for personalized advice and care.

Don’t have a primary care provider? Avenue 360 Health & Wellness offers low-cost primary care and specialty care services at seven locations in Greater Houston. Schedule an appointment today.

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The information contained in this Avenue 360 Web site is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment, and Avenue 360 recommends consultation with your Avenue 360 doctor or health care professional.